The Existentialists

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We are the products of our actions which are the results of our transcendence, and are not simply the products of our facticity. If we assume that nothing has any meaning, then we must conclude that the world is absurd. Hence the close affinity between Gnosticism and depth psychology. Gregor’s “painful and uncontrollable squeaking mixed in with… “In literature, Expressionism is often considered a revolt against realism and naturalism, seeking to achieve a psychological or spiritual reality rather than record external events in logical sequence” The Revolt of “Mother” by Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman is a piece of literature that subjectively reconciles the author’s inner experiences through the main character.
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What Is Literature

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For this reason, on Sartre's model, social reality is in perpetual conflict—an Hegelian dialectic in which, for ontological reasons, no state of mutual recognition can ever be achieved. Max Ernst was a German Dadaist and Surrealist whose paintings and collages combine dream-like realism, automatic techniques, and eerie subject matter. Below are the highlights of what Christian Scientists believe concerning their source of authority, the Godhead, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Resurrection, sin and salvation, heaven and hell, man's destiny, and disease and death: 1.
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The Poverty of Postmodernism (Social Futures)

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Phenomenologists conceive the phenomena (things as they appear to us), as a misnomer. When the light on the desk came to life, Clarke was pleasantly surprised by how much the room still fit the professor who suddenly realized what was happening and pushed the glasses up on her nose a bit and fiddled with her hands before shoving them in her pockets. “Yeah,” she whispered, perusing the shelf of books, skating her hand along the worn spines of the inhabitants.
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Albert Camus in the 21st Century: A Reassessment of His

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This 'free-play' has nothing whatsoever to do with that notion of an out-and-out hermeneutic license which would finally come down to a series of slogans like "all reading is misreading," "all interpretation is misinterpretation," etc. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy 'existentially'; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21] Sartre claimed that a central proposition of Existentialism is that existence precedes essence, which means that the most important consideration for individuals is that they are individuals—independently acting and responsible, conscious beings ("existence")—rather than what labels, roles, stereotypes, definitions, or other preconceived categories the individuals fit ("essence").
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Chicken Run: Level 2 (Penguin Young Readers (Graded

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Solipsism is often associated with nihilism and materialism. Much of Kierkegaard’s authorship explores the notion of the absurd: Job gets everything back again by virtue of the absurd (Repetition); Abraham gets a reprieve from having to sacrifice Isaac, by virtue of the absurd (Fear and Trembling); Kierkegaard hoped to get Regine back again after breaking off their engagement, by virtue of the absurd (Journals); Climacus hopes to deceive readers into the truth of Christianity by virtue of an absurd representation of Christianity’s ineffability; the Christian God is represented as absolutely transcendent of human categories yet is absurdly presented as a personal God with the human capacities to love, judge, forgive, teach, etc.
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What Is Knowledge? (SUNY Series in Latin American and

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Rudolf Bultmann used Kierkegaard's and Heidegger's philosophy of existence to demythologize Christianity by interpreting Christian mythical concepts into existentialist concepts. Aesthetics is a mode of study most likely to be employed by those in the humanities. They focused on subjective human experience rather than the objective truths of mathematics and science, which they believed were too detached or observational to truly get at the human experience.
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Excursions with Kierkegaard: Others, Goods, Death, and Final

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Even Sartre, moralist par excellence, followed Heidegger in insisting that his existentialism was not an ethical philosophy, although he did promise that the "phenomenological ontology" of his great tome L'être et le néant (1943; English trans. This helps us understand what the actual content is of such rather grandiloquent words as anguish, forlornness, despair. There was, it seemed in de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex, no particular reason why women should be treated in this subservient way.
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Bergson and Phenomenology

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Harry's answer to his father's next question, "What do you think we're going to do about this?", is equally abrupt: "Put some lime on that sucker, he'll melt into the ground without a stink in three-four days." A protégé of the Northwest School, he veered back and forth between modernism and social realism, committed to what biographer Matthew Kangas calls “the image of consequence, that is, subjects that ordinary people could relate to in their own lives, images that could resonate without the taint of moralizing propaganda.” [3] Propaganda was precisely the purpose of two other artists who have left us riveting images of street life and political activism of the 1930s.
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The Phenomenology Reader

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Phenomenological existentialism, as a philosophy or a psychology, is not a tightly defined system by any means. Existentialists like Sartre rejected the existence of a higher power and... He hurried towards them and, spreading out his arms, tried to urge them back into their own room and at the same time to block their view of Gregor. For a useful history of Unitarianism, see " About Unitarianism ." Context and Method in Qualitative Research. - London: Sage, Ltd., 1997.
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Beauvoir and Sartre: The Riddle of Influence

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Deism gave precedence to reason over revelation, but Deism had been in decline by 1800. Nevertheless, the extent to which Heidegger should be considered an existentialist is debatable. Nellie Cornish founded the school in 1914, and it functioned as a center of new arts movements in Seattle. (Photo courtesy of the Museum of History and Industry) With the market crash of 1929, the drastically contracted market for the arts and lack of money for patronage may have prompted some of the independence and radical revisions of artistic forms and new visions of what music, images, and movement could be.
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