The Problem of Conciousness: New Essays in Phenomenological

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Just as Sartre himself found in World War II the impetus for his own existential viewpoint, so does Harry, in viewing images of the harrowing death and frightening action of war, develop as a child the ability to accept life's brutality as merely a consequence of existence, to resist the paralysis of feigned erudition or overanalysis, and to act "when some simple act [is] called for." Les Nabis were a group of Post-Impressionist artists and illustrators in Paris who became very influential in the field of graphic art.
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Kierkegaard's 'Fear and Trembling': A Reader's Guide

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Many of Dostoyevsky's novels, such as Crime and Punishment, have covered issues pertinent to existential philosophy while simultaneously refuting the validity of the claims of existentialism (notably the "superman" theory advocated by Nietzsche.) Throughout Crime and Punishment we see the protagonist, Raskolnikov, and his character develop away from existential ideas and beliefs in favor of more traditionally Christian ones, which Dostoevsky had come to advocate at this time.
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A History of Christian Thought - From Its Judaic and

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The use of existentialism within his work assists in the development of his characters; it determines how they will act and respond to their surroundings…. Kierkegaard thought of life as an impossible choice between two conflicting attitudes: the aesthetic, which is based on immediate experience, or existence and the ethical, which is based on ideals. By “value” Sartre means those aspects of my experience that do not merely causally effectuate something but rather make a claim on me: I do not just see the homeless person but encounter him as “to be helped”; I do not just hear the other's voice but register “a question to be answered honestly”; I do not simply happen to sit quietly in Church but “attend reverently”; I do not merely hear the alarm clock but am “summoned to get up.” Values, then, as Sartre writes, appear with the character of demands and as such they “lay claim to a foundation” or justification (Sartre 1992: 76).
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Existentialism

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One prescient German commentator, Friedrich Heinemann, remarked in his 1954 book Existentialism and the Modern Predicament that the coming “ultra-rapid computing machine” would raise the most “truly existential question” of all: that of how we can remain free. Colin Wilson, an English writer, published his study The Outsider in 1956, initially to critical acclaim. Calendoli, Giovanni, and Denise Applin, "The Theatre of the Grotesque," in Drama Review, Vol. 22, No. 1, March 1978, pp. 13-16.
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The Existential Jesus

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It is the latter that she would have chosen to sacrifice in realising her own happiness, and, as Stendhal shows, she would also sacrifice herself upon the plane of passion if life made that demand upon her. Theodor Adorno, in his Jargon of Authenticity, criticized Heidegger's philosophy, with special attention to his use of language, as a mystifying ideology of advanced industrial society and its power structure.[citation needed] Heidegger criticized Sartre's Existentialism, in his Letter on Humanism: Existentialism says [that] existence precedes essence.
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Livewire Real Lives Julia Roberts (Livewires)

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A major theme throughout his writings was freedom and responsibility. I said that it was exactly what I had expected at this sort of bar: hipsters. Existentialism is foreshadowed most notably by 19th-century philosophers Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche, though it had forerunners in earlier centuries. For a discussion of romantic primitivism, see "Primitivism." Jaspers's special word, existence, which he took from Kierkegaard to summarize the centrality of self-doubt and painful freedom that defined the human condition, focused a new kind of attention on the individual.
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Sartre on Violence: Curiously Ambivalent

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Since Sartrean existentialism does not acknowledge the existence of a god, or of any other determining principle, human beings are free to act as they choose; his abovementioned essay is the most programmatic and straightforward statement of this principle. This relates both to the inherent insecurity about the consequences of one's actions (related to the absurdity of the world), and to the fact that, in experiencing one's freedom, one also realises that one will be fully responsible for these consequences; there is no thing in you (your genes, for instance) that acts and that you can "blame" if something goes wrong.
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Head for Business Intermediate: Teacher's Book

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It takes into perspective the themes: Existentialism, Phenomenology, and Hermeneutics. The belief in "consubstantiation"--against the Catholic doctrine of transubstatiation, which held that in the celebration of the Eucharist the elements miraculously are transformed into the body and blood of Jesus, Luther believed that in the act of the celebration, the spirit of Christ becomes present or "with" ("con") the community of celebrants. Arendt finds in Machiavelli a performative understanding of politics, an accurate understanding of the connection between morality and politics, and a primacy given to politics that she thought it deserves. (shrink)
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Subjects of Desire

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Influenced by Freud, but later became a student of Adler, developed logotherapy by combining existential philosophy and therapy (Corey). There is no attempt at psychological subtlety in delineating the bad guys, or come to that, the good guys either. This is the task Kierkegaard takes up when he asks: "Who has the more difficult task: the teacher who lectures on earnest things a meteor's distance from everyday life — or the learner who should put it to use?" [33] Although nihilism and existentialism are distinct philosophies, they are often confused with one another.
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Henry of Ghent: Summa of Ordinary Questions, Articles 35,

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His final novel, The Brothers Karamazov, was completed just months before Dostoevsky's death from emphysema complications on January 28, 1881. His major work was The Dream Songs, which consists of 385 poems about a character named Henry and his friend Mr. The Kantian ethics says, "Never treat any person as a means, but as an end." His understanding of Husserl 's phenomenology was far greater than that of Merleau-Ponty's fellow existentialists.
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